Exploring patenting with company by EU universities

The 31st RISIS Research Seminar took place online on 13 December, (12.30 to 2.00 PM). Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, Gdansk University of Technology presented a study entitled The determinants of patenting and co-patenting with company by European universities.

Rainer Frietsch, ISI Fraunhofer was involved as discussant.


The focal point of the seminar lye in the analysis of the determinants of patenting and co-patenting with companies by over 400 universities across 17 European countries during the period 2011–2018. The study scrutinizes various factors influencing the commercial activities of universities, including prior patent activity, institutional age, public or private nature, student enrollment, students per academic staff ratio, non-academic staff per academic staff ratio, publications per academic staff, and funds structure.


Employing a two-part model with zero-inflated negative binomial regression, the research aims to separately estimate the impact of these determinants on the probability of patenting (count data) and the probability of no patenting (excess zeros). The dataset utilized is RISIS Patents merged with the ETER database. This seminar provided valuable insights into the economic activities of European universities, shedding light on the intricate relationship between academic institutions and the commercial realm.